NER, by Jerry Gordon, Nov. 16, 2014:
In a book, The Dark Knight by Harvey Dent, there is an exchange between a criminal, Tejeda and a judge that defines moral choice: you either die a hero or you live long enough to see yourself become the villain. President Erdogan, an elected dictator and avowed Muslim Brotherhood supporter has made that choice given his record of human rights abuses of his own people in Turkey and tacit support for Salafist barbarians like the Islamic State, formerly ISIS. Attacks by members of the Turkish Youth Union on US sailors on shore leave, captured on video, in Istanbul with red paint and plastic bags this past week left an indelible impression of how he despises NATO allies. Will those attackers who shouted “Yankees go home”, “pay the price” as Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu sought to soften the attack at a G-20 press conference in Australia.
To top that incident we had Erdogan’s resurrection of a hoary fabrication in a Summit with Latin American Clerics in Istanbul this weekend. His assertion was that Muslims discovered America centuries before Columbus. That was based on a literary reference from Columbus’ chronicle of his voyages that he thought a formation on a mountain in Cuba looked like a Mosque. Erdogan used that fraudulent claim to endorse his earlier suggestion that he might condone building a Mosque in Communist Cuba. It also gave him leave to castigate a former ally now an avowed enemy, Sheikh Fehtulleh Gulen in exile in Pennsylvania with his globe girdling network of schools. Erdogan said, “Islam is being abused by Those who use Quran for their own interests, by Those who open schools abroad.” A BBC report on his latest agit-propaganda “Muslims found Americas before Columbus says Turkey’s Erdogan”, boosting his anti-West and anti-US agenda noted:
Mr. Erdogan also said “Muslim sailors arrived in America in 1178”.
He said he was willing to build a mosque at the site Columbus identified.
The Turkish president – whose AK Party is rooted in political Islam – gave no further evidence to back up his theory, instead stating: “Contacts between Latin America and Islam date back to the 12th Century.”
Columbus is widely believed to have discovered the Americas in 1492, while trying to find a new route to India.
But in a disputed article published in 1996, historian Youssef Mroueh said Columbus’ entry was proof that Muslims had reached the Americas first and that “the religion of Islam was widespread”.
However many scholars believe the reference is metaphorical, describing an aspect of the mountain that resembled part of a mosque.
No Islamic structures have been found in America that pre-date Columbus.
Mroueh is a Muslim author, historian of science and radiation control physicist at the Center for Biological & Computational Learning and CSAIL (MIT)
Mroueh’s fiction was published in an article in 1996 on what he claimed was the 1,000th anniversary of the Muslim discovery of the Americas, His fiction keeps turning up like the proverbial bad penny in publications that American school children have and are using like the Arab World Studies Notebook. See our post about the conflict in Newton, Massachusetts raised by Dr. Charles Jacobs and America for Peace and Tolerance concerning the use of flagrantly proselytizing Muslim and pro-Palestinian materials. Americans would call Turkish President Erdogan his remarks about Muslims discovering America pure hokum; others might call it by its rightful name, taqiyya, for Islamic religiously inspired dissimilitude, lying for his god Allah.
Eight years ago in 2006, Mroueh’s and the Arab World Studies Notebook claims that Muslims had discovered America came up short. An article by Deborah Fachner in History News Network of George Mason University eviscerating the fiction, “Did Muslims Visit America Before Columbus?”
Note these excerpts from Fachner’s HNN investigation:
Mroueh cited an Australian archeologist, Dr. Barry Fell, a marine biologist who claimed to find extensive archeological evidence of a significant Muslim presence in the New World in his book, Saga America. Fell drew parallels between West African peoples and Native Americans in the southwest, including cultural and linguistic similarities, and the existence of Islamic petroglyphs in the southwestern region. In particular, Fell mentioned a carving that he believed was done centuries before Columbus that states in Arabic: “Yasus bin Maria” (Jesus son of Mary), a phrase commonly found in the Koran.
Fell’s claims though have been ridiculed by professional archaeologists. They were enraged by his claims, deriding not only his findings, but his inflexible and rigid presentation of them, without the usual caution that characterizes academic pronouncements. Fell’s methods came into question, as detractors noted: “His claims for scientific rigour might hold for marine biology, but when it comes to archaeological interpretation, he ignored the usual rules of evidence.” (Keith Fitzpatrick-Matthews, Cult and Fringe)
Other claims have been similarly criticized. In 2002 the Middle East Policy Council published the Arab World Studies Notebook, a teacher’s guide to understanding and teaching students about Arab culture. The text claims that Arab explorers came to America in advance of Columbus, marrying Algonquin Indians whose descendants eventually became tribal chiefs with names like Adbul-Rahim and Abdallah Ibn Malik. The Notebook and its editor, Audrey Shabbas, came under intense fire for failing to provide corroborating evidence. According to the Washington Times, Shabbas and the Council were slow to respond to concerns from various sources. Peter DiGangi, director of Canada’s Algonquin Nation Secretariat calls her claims “outlandish” and says that “nothing in the tribe’s written or oral history supports them.”
Another critique came from William Bennetta, professional editor and President of the Textbook League. Bennetta referred to the text’s “flights of pseudo historical fakery.” Among other issues, he called the Notebook to task for offering no support for its claim that the Americas were seemingly full of Muslims and Muslim descendants when Columbus arrived. He noted that the Notebook does not even name the English explorers who supposedly found the Algonquin chiefs. Bennetta wrote to Shabbas to inquire about some of the unsubstantiated claims in the Notebook, and while he received a reply, “she didn’t send me [Bennetta] any citation. She made some evasive claims about some published ‘works’.”
In an article featured at David Horowitz’s frontpagemag.com in 2004, David Yeagley, adjunct professor at the University of Oklahoma, called the Notebook “intellectual genocide on American Indians,” noting that the authors “simply created an Indian story to suit the purposes of the advocacy group, and published it in a school text manual as fact.” Yeagley believed that Shabbas and the other authors were simply trying to gain acceptance for Arabs, further integrating them into American culture by making them ‘native.’ Shabbas also came under fire from the conservative Thomas B. Fordham Foundation, which published a report called “The Stealth Curriculum: Manipulating America’s History Teachers.” The report was critical of many sources that are used by history teachers, noting that sometimes there is no way to ascertain the accuracy of materials provided for teachers. In particular, the report referred to the Notebook as “propaganda.”
Turkish President Erdogan is conveying pure hokum, ‘meaningless nonsense’ claiming that Muslims discovered America in 1178 and not alleged crypto Jew Columbus in 1492. But if anyone deserves credit for discovering America we have archeological proof that Norseman Leif Ericksson may have discovered America half a millennia earlier around 1000 C.E. given the settlement uncovered at L’Anse aux Meadows on the northern tip of the island of Newfoundland.
The real evidence of when Muslims discovered America dates back to the 1950’s, when the Muslim World League (MWL) helped finance stealth Muslim Brotherhood front groups like the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA) and the Muslim Students Association (MSA). Giving them the benefit of the doubt and saying their presence in the U.S. began in 1950, that would be 458 years after Columbus.