By Ryan Mauro at Radical Islam
The victory of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt’s presidential race is causing alarm in some quarters and satisfaction in others. There is a pervasive misunderstanding of the Muslim Brotherhood’s history, ideology and intentions that extends even into the U.S. government.
Hassan al-BannaThe Brotherhood, often referred to in Arabic as the “Ikhwan,” was founded in Egypt in 1928 by Hassan al-Banna. The motto of the group, which it still maintains, is: “Allah is our objective, the Prophet is our leader; the Quran is our law; jihad is our way; dying in the way of Allah is our highest hope.”
The Brotherhood’s immediate goal was to rid the Muslim world of Western colonization and replace it with an Islamic state; a government where Sharia Law is, in al-Banna’s words, “the basis controlling the affairs of state and society.” The Brotherhood believes it is Allah’s commandment to spread this ideology throughout the world until the entire earth becomes an Islamic state.
Notably, this was their goal from 1928, long before the state of Israel was created in 1948. The Israeli-Arab conflict is a subset of this group’s struggle, not the cause. The resurrection of the Caliphate, another Brotherhood goal, would require the elimination of the state of Israel. Hassan al-Banna preached that any land once under Muslim control must be returned to Islamic rule.
“Then fate decreed that the light of Islam be extinguished in these lands that returned to unbelief. Thus Andalusia [Spain], Sicily, the Balkans, the Italian coast, as well as the islands of the Mediterranean, are all of them Muslim Mediterranean colonies and they must return to the Islamic fold,” he said.
Muslim Brotherhood Founder in Palestine Amin Al Husseini spends WWII with Hitler
The Brotherhood teaches that Muslims must wage jihad against Muslim Brotherhood Founder in Palestine Amin Al Husseini spends WWII with Hitler the non-Muslim world, both non-violently and violently.
“Jihad is an obligation from Allah on every Muslim and cannot be ignored nor evaded. Allah has ascribed great importance to jihad and has made the reward of the martyrs and fighters in His way a splendid one. Only those who have acted similarly and who have modeled themselves upon the martyrs in their performance of jihad can join them in this reward,” al-Banna states. The context makes it very clear that he is referring to violence.
The Muslim Brotherhood collaborated with Nazi Germany during World War Two, as detailed in Matthias Kuntzel’s Jihad and Jew-Hatred. During the Cold War, American and European intelligence services also worked with the Muslim Brotherhood.
Hassan al-Banna was killed in Egypt in 1947, almost certainly at the hands of the government he sought to overthrow. The Muslim Brotherhood supported the coup that brought Gamal Abdel-Nasser to power, though the relationship severed shortly thereafter. He expelled the group from Egypt in 1954 because of its attempts to assassinate him. The Muslim Brotherhood was welcomed by the Gulf governments, especially Saudi Arabia.
Sayyid Qutb in jail
Sayyid Qutb in jailOne of the most influential Muslim Brotherhood members was Sayyid Qutb, who strongly advocated violent jihad against the non-Muslim world, especially the U.S. His preaching influenced Osama Bin Laden and other Al-Qaeda-like jihadists. It is often stated that the Brotherhood foresworn violence after Sayyid Qutb was executed by the Egyptian government in 1966. In reality, its decision was pragmatic. The Brotherhood’s decision to become non-violent was not all-encompassing. The Brotherhood’s non-violence in Egypt is based on circumstances.
The strongest proof that the Brotherhood remains a supporter of violent jihad is the fact that Hamas is one of its branches. The Hamas charter states, “The Islamic Resistance Movement is one of the wings of the Muslim Brotherhood in Palestine.” Hamas recently changed its name to reiterate its affiliation with the Brotherhood. The Brotherhood has unequivocally supported Hamas’ terrorism.
Sheikh Yousef al-Qaradawi
The most influential Brotherhood cleric, Sheikh Yousef al-Qaradawi, boasts that he is the “mufti of martyrdom operations.” The Brotherhood has also supported attacks on non-Muslim soldiers in Muslim lands, instructed Muslims to ally with the Taliban and, though it disagrees with Al-Qaeda’s tactics, calls Bin Laden a “holy warrior.” Members of the Syrian Sheikh Yousef al-QaradawiMuslim Brotherhood were central to the attacks of September 11, 2001.
The Brotherhood follows a strategy of what it calls “gradualism” or incremental steps towards the implementation of Sharia Law. The Brotherhood uses terms like “democracy,” “freedom” and “human rights” to assuage concerns about its agenda. The group’s leadership, however, makes it clear that these terms are not used in the same way that the West uses them. Its documents call its operations in the U.S. a “civilization jihad.” The Muslim Brotherhood first established itself in the U.S. in 1963 and by 1988, privately “claimed success [in] infiltrating the United States government,” according to an FBI memo.
One document written by the American Muslim Brotherhood from 1991 states that its “work in America is a kind of grand jihad in eliminating and destroying the Western civilization from within and ‘sabotaging’ its miserable house by their hands and the hands of the believers…”
Brotherhood documents list prominent Muslim-American organizations like the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA), the Muslim Students Association (MSA), the Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA), the North American Islamic Trust and the International Institute of Islamic Thought as their fronts and allies. The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) was created by the leadership of the Islamic Association for Palestine, another listed Brotherhood entity.
The Muslim Brotherhood’s vision of the world is fundamentally incompatible with Western values. It should not be treated as a non-threatening, “moderate” force.
Ryan Mauro is RadicalIslam.org’s National Security Analyst and a fellow with the Clarion Fund. He is the founder of WorldThreats.com and is frequently interviewed on Fox News.