Reuters: Trump counterterrorism strategy urges allies to do more

U.S. President Donald Trump (C) gathers with Congressional Republicans in the Rose Garden of the White House after the House of Representatives approved the American Healthcare Act, to repeal major parts of Obamacare and replace it with the Republican healthcare plan, in… REUTERS/Carlos Barria

Reuters, by Jonathan Landay and Warren Strobel, May 5, 2017:

A draft of President Donald Trump’s new counterterrorism strategy demands that U.S. allies shoulder more of the burden in combating Islamist militants, while acknowledging that the scourge will never be totally eliminated.

The 11-page draft, seen on Friday by Reuters, said the United States should avoid costly, “open-ended” military commitments.

“We need to intensify operations against global jihadist groups while also reducing the costs of American ‘blood and treasure’ in pursuit of our counterterrorism goals,” states the document, which is expected to be released in coming months.

“We will seek to avoid costly, large-scale U.S. military interventions to achieve counterterrorism objectives and will increasingly look to partners to share the responsibility for countering terrorist groups,” it says.

However, it acknowledges that terrorism “cannot be defeated with any sort of finality.”

Michael Anton, spokesman for the White House National Security Council, said, “As part of its overall approach, the administration is taking a fresh look at the entire U.S. national security strategy, to include the counterterrorism mission – which is especially important since no such strategy has been produced publicly since 2011.”

The process is aimed at ensuring “the new strategy is directed against the pre-eminent terrorist threats to our nation, our citizens, our interests overseas and allies,” Anton said. “Moreover, this new strategy will highlight achievable and realistic goals, and guiding principles.”

Combating Islamic extremism was a major issue for Trump during the 2016 presidential campaign. The draft strategy paper, which officials said was still being fine-tuned at the White House, describes the threat from Islamic militant groups in stark tones.

It remains to be seen how Trump can square his goal of avoiding military interventions with ongoing conflicts involving U.S. troops in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Yemen and elsewhere.

Rather than scale back U.S. commitments, he has so far largely adhered to former Obama administration plans to intensify military operations against militant groups and granted the Pentagon greater authority to strike them in places like Yemen and Somalia.

Trump may soon reverse years of Obama-ordered drawdowns in Afghanistan. His administration is now considering boosting by 3,000 to 5,000 soldiers the 8,400-strong U.S. contingent helping Afghan forces fight a resurgent Taliban, current and former U.S. officials say.

A senior administration official noted that only a small number of troops have been added to U.S. forces in Iraq and Syria under Trump, at the discretion of his military commanders.

“If you do see additions elsewhere, they will be in keeping with this (draft) strategy,” said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

The increased pace of U.S. military operations has seen a recent spate of American casualties. The latest came in Somalia, where a Navy SEAL died and two others were wounded in an attack by al Shabaab militants, U.S. officials said on Friday.

Since President Barack Obama released the last U.S. counterterrorism strategy in 2011 before the emergence of Islamic State, the threat has “diversified in size, scope and complexity from what we faced just a few years ago,” the draft strategy said.

In addition to Islamic State, the United States and its allies are endangered by a reconstituted al Qaeda, groups such as the Haqqani network and Hezbollah, as well as from homegrown extremists radicalized online, it said.

Bruce Hoffman, director of Georgetown University’s Center for Security Studies and who reviewed the document at Reuters’ request, said the draft strategy “paints – and I think accurately – a more dire picture” of the threat than the Obama document, which sounded a “triumphalist” tone following al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden’s death in a 2011 U.S. raid in Pakistan.

MISSING PHRASE

The senior administration official said the document describing an overarching counterterrorism approach is separate from a detailed strategy to defeat Islamic State that Trump also has ordered.

The draft strategy seen by Reuters appears to flow from Trump’s “America First” foreign policy calling for foreign aid cuts and more burden-sharing by allies and alliances such as NATO.

It does not include a signature phrase from Trump’s 2016 campaign, “radical Islamic terrorism.” Instead, it says that jihadist groups “have merged under a global jihadist ideology that seeks to establish a transnational Islamic caliphate that fosters conflict on a global scale.”

The draft’s first guiding principle is that the United States “will always act to disrupt, prevent and respond to terrorist attacks against our nation, our citizens, our interests overseas and our allies. This includes taking direct and unilateral action, if necessary.”

The administration would boost U.S. homeland security by working with allies and partners to eliminate terrorist leaders, “ideologues, technical experts, financiers, external operators and battlefield commanders.”

The draft also calls for denying militants physical and online sanctuaries in which to plan and launch attacks and “degrade their efforts to develop and deploy” chemical and biological weapons.

Yet it provides few details on how the United States, which has led global counterterrorism efforts since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, can achieve those goals by passing more of the burden to other countries, many of which lack the requisite military and intelligence capabilities.

The draft makes little mention of promoting human rights, development, good governance and other “soft power” tools that Washington has embraced in the past to help foreign governments reduce grievances that feed extremism.

In contrast, the Obama counterterrorism strategy made “respecting human rights, fostering good governance, respecting privacy and civil liberties, committing to security and transparency and upholding the rule of law” the foremost of its guiding principles.

“Soft power has a role to play, but not to the exclusion of kinetics,” or military action, said Hoffman. He called the draft “a very sober depiction of the threat and what is needed now and in the immediate future to counter it.”

2 thoughts on “Reuters: Trump counterterrorism strategy urges allies to do more

  1. The plan is not a counter-terrorism strategy.
    It is an updated counter-terrorism tactics
    **************
    Doctors know that a disease can be cured only if they treat the root cause (ISLAMIST IDEOLOGY) and not the symptoms (ISLAMIST TERRORISM)
    *************
    Knowing only yourself without knowing your enemy ideology and what drives him is a huge strategic mistake.
    The west suffers of cognitively dissonance between their values and Islamism values.

    West democratic and human right values versus Islamism theocratic dictatorship and no human, woman values. Applicable for Sunni’s or Shia’s lead by Islamist Iran

    1: Human rights, democracy. Liberalism, freedom of expiration, equality between genders, religion freedom – the 21 century west leading values are antithesis to Islamism ideology.
    It has been stated by the kings, presidents, prime ministers of the 57 Muslim countries in their Kuala Lumpier meeting.
    The Islamist modern times narrative is:
    One religion- Islam:: One government- Kalifate :: One law- Sharia:: Imposed worldwide in an endless war by the force of the sword

    2: “Liberalism and Western-style democracy has failed. Those with insight can already hear the sounds of the fall of the ideology of the liberal democratic systems.””
    Quoted from Islamist Iran president to USA president

    What is missing form the plan?

    1: On the long run only Muslims can put an end to Islamism
    Support the very few Muslim leaders calling to reshape Islam to modern times.
    Don’t fight those leaders on the name of western style democracy that cannot work yet in the Muslim world
    Example:
    El Sisi, Egypt president called for the reform of Islam, urging Muslims not to behave
    according to the ancient, destructive interpretations of the Qur’an claiming
    that it is illogical for over a billion Muslims to subdue six billion non-Muslims

    2:Fight the Islamist ideology should be the highest priority and not only the terrorists.
    Governments supporting, preaching, teaching and providing shelter to Islamist leaders should be put under heavy economic and political sanctions until they will join the 21 century norms.
    The Islamist ideologist, preachers and teachers should be chased worldwide and jailed for long periods.
    Any institution sheltering this ideology should be closed- either mosques, madrasas, cultural centers or schools.
    The staff should be deported to a country supporting Islamism – including their families.
    ——-
    .The terrorists are the Islamist ideology tactic tool.
    “TACTICS WITHOUT STRATEGY IS THE NOISE BEFORE DEFEAT””
    Said by Sun Tzu – the famous Chinese war strategy’s

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