Video: Robert Spencer on The Hagmann Report on jihad in history and the destruction of the West today

Jihad Watch, by Robert Spencer, June 17, 2018:

On The Hagmann Report several days ago, I discuss the history of Islam and conquest and how it relates to our current day situation both in America and Europe.

Preorder The History of Jihad From Muhammad to ISIS here.

June 15, 1389: Islam Enters and Conquers Eastern Europe

The Battle of Kosovo

PJ Media, by Raymond Ibrahim, June 15, 2018:

Editor’s note: The following account is partially excerpted from the author’s new book, Sword and Scimitar: Fourteen Centuries of War between Islam and the West (with a foreword by Victor Davis Hanson). 

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Why Eastern Europeans are much more reluctant to accept Muslim migrants than their Western counterparts can be traced back to circumstances surrounding a pivotal battle that took place today, June 15, in the year 1389. The Battle of Kosovo raged between Muslim invaders and Eastern European defenders, or the ancestors of those many Eastern Europeans today vociferously hostile to Islam.

Because the jihad is as old as Islam, it has been championed by diverse peoples (Arabs in the Middle East, Moors — Berbers and Africans — in Spain and Western Europe, etc.). Islam’s successful entry into Eastern Europe was spearheaded by the Turks, specifically that tribe centered in westernmost Anatolia (or Asia Minor) and thus nearest to Europe — the Ottoman Turks, so-named after their founder Osman Bey. As he lay dying in 1323, his parting words to his son and successor, Orhan, were for him “to propagate Islam by yours arms.”

This his son certainly did; the traveler Ibn Batutua, who once met Orhan in Bursa, observed that, although the jihadi had captured some one hundred Byzantine fortresses, “he had never stayed for a whole month in any one town,” because he “fights with the infidels continually and keeps them under siege.” Christian cities fell like dominos: Smyrna in 1329, Nicaea in 1331, and Nicomedia in 1337. By 1340, the whole of northwest Anatolia was under Turkic control. By now, and to quote a European contemporary:

[T]he foes of the cross, and the killers of the Christian people, that is, the Turks, [were] separated from Constantinople by a channel of three or four miles.

By 1354, the Ottoman Turks, under Orhan’s son, Suleiman, managed to cross over the Dardanelles and into the abandoned fortress town of Gallipoli, thereby establishing their first foothold in Europe: “Where there were churches he destroyed them or converted them to mosques,” writes an Ottoman chronicler. “Where there were bells, Suleiman broke them up and cast them into fires. Thus, in place of bells there were now muezzins.”

Cleansed of all Christian “filth,” Gallipoli became, as a later Ottoman bey boasted, “the Muslim throat that gulps down every Christian nation — that chokes and destroys the Christians.” From this dilapidated but strategically situated fortress town, the Ottomans launched a campaign of terror throughout the countryside, always convinced they were doing God’s work. “They live by the bow, the sword, and debauchery, finding pleasure in taking slaves, devoting themselves to murder, pillage, spoil,” explained Gregory Palamas, an Orthodox metropolitan who was taken captive in Gallipoli, adding:

[A]nd not only do they commit these crimes, but even — what an aberration — they believe that God approves them!

After Orhan’s death in 1360 and under his son Murad I — the first of his line to adopt the title “Sultan” — the westward jihad into the Balkans began in earnest and was unstoppable. By 1371 he had annexed portions of Bulgaria and Macedonia to his sultanate, which now so engulfed Constantinople that “a citizen could leave the empire simply by walking outside the city gates.”

Unsurprisingly, then, when Prince Lazar of Serbia (b. 1330) defeated Murad’s invading forces in 1387, “there was wild rejoicing among the Slavs of the Balkans. Serbians, Bosnians, Albanians, Bulgarians, Wallachians, and Hungarians from the frontier provinces all rallied around Lazar as never before, in a determination to drive the Turks out of Europe.”

Murad responded to this effrontery on June 15, 1389, in Kosovo.

There, a Serbian-majority coalition augmented by Hungarian, Polish, and Romanian contingents — twelve thousand men under the leadership of Lazar — fought thirty thousand Ottomans under the leadership of the sultan himself. Despite the initial downpour of Turkic arrows, the Serbian heavy cavalry plummeted through the Ottoman frontlines and broke the left wing; the Ottoman right, under Murad’s elder son Bayezid, reeled around and engulfed the Christians. The chaotic clash continued for hours.

On the night before battle, Murad had beseeched Allah “for the favour of dying for the true faith, the martyr’s death.” Sometime near the end of battle, his prayer was granted. According to tradition, Miloš Obilić, a Serbian knight, offered to defect to the Ottomans on condition that, in view of his own high rank, he be permitted to submit before the sultan himself. They brought him before Murad and, after Milos knelt in false submission, he lunged at and plunged a dagger deep into the Muslim warlord’s stomach (other sources say “with two thrusts which came out at his back”). The sultan’s otherwise slow guards responded by hacking the Serb to pieces. Drenched in and spluttering out blood, Murad lived long enough to see his archenemy, the by now captured Lazar, brought before him, tortured, and beheaded. A small conciliation, it may have put a smile on the dying martyr’s face.

Murad’s son Bayezid instantly took charge: “His first act as Sultan, over his father’s dead body, was to order the death, by strangulation with a bowstring, of his brother. This was Yaqub, his fellow-commander in the battle, who had won distinction in the field and popularity with his troops.” Next Bayezid brought the battle to a decisive end; he threw everything he had at the enemy, leading to the slaughter of every last Christian — but even more of his own men in the process.

So many birds flocked to and feasted on the vast field of carrion that posterity remembered Kosovo as the “Field of Blackbirds.” Though essentially a draw — or at best a Pyrrhic victory for the Ottomans — the Serbs, with less men and resources to start with in comparison to the ascendant Muslim empire, felt the sting more.

In the years following the battle of Kosovo, the Ottoman war machine became unstoppable: the nations of the Balkans were conquered by the Muslims — after withstanding a millennium of jihads, Constantinople itself permanently fell to Islam in 1453 — and they remained under Ottoman rule for centuries (as documented in my new book, Sword and Scimitar: Fourteen Centuries of War between Islam and the West).

The collective memory of Eastern Europeans’ not too distant experiences with and under Islam should never be underestimated when considering why they are significantly more wary of — if not downright hostile to — Islam and its migrants than their Western counterparts.

Sword and Scimitar: A Look into Raymond Ibrahim’s New Book

Front Page Magazine, by Jamie Glazov, May 28, 2018:

Frontpage Interview’s guest today is Raymond Ibrahim, an author, public speaker, and Middle East and Islam specialist. He is currently a Shillman Fellow at the David Horowitz Freedom Center and a Judith Friedman Rosen Writing Fellow, Middle East Forum. His new book is Sword and Scimitar: Fourteen Centuries of War between Islam and the West.

Frontpage: Raymond, welcome to Frontpage interview.

Ibrahim: Good to be back Jamie, thank you.

FP: Congrats on your new book coming out. Introduce us to it.

Raymond Ibrahim: Thanks, Jamie.  The book’s title is Sword and Scimitar: Fourteen Centuries of War between Islam and the West.  As indicated by the title, it is a military history between Islam and the West, narrated around their eight most decisive clashes, the first and last of which occurred more than a millennium apart.  But while the eight battles/sieges form the centerpieces of the book’s eight chapters, the bulk of the narrative chronologically traces and tells the general (but much forgotten) story of Islam and the West, most of which of course revolved around warfare—with all the attendant death, destruction, slavery, and geopolitical demarcations and map rearrangements.

FP: Quite a fascinating and original approach.  How and when did you get this idea?

Ibrahim:  Well, we can say I began working on portions of this book some twenty years ago—since around 1998-99, when I first started doing academic research for what became my MA thesis (in History): a close examination, including through the original Arabic and Greek sources, of the battle of Yarmuk—the first major military encounter between Islam and the Eastern Roman Empire in 636 (highlighted in Chapter 1 of the book).

Since then, I’ve continued to study the historic clash between the West and Islam, writing sporadic but relevant articles—for example on the Second Siege of Constantinople and the Battle of Tours—and of course working on and fine tuning Sword and Scimitar.

FP: While the book is obviously historical, it also clearly has crucial contemporary relevance and significance. Can you talk a bit about that?

Ibrahim: Sure Jamie, thank you. Although the book and its narrative revolve around historic warfare, it offers, as you observe, many lessons of contemporary relevance.  Take for example the question of whether the behavior of Islamic groups such as the Islamic State (ISIS/ISIL) is Islamic or not.  Those many “experts” who insist ISIS is just a gang of “terrorists” who have “nothing to do with Islam” will be hard pressed to explain why over a millennium of leading Muslims—caliphs, sultans, emirs, ulema and jurists of the highest order—have said to and done in Europe the same exact things ISIS says and does to “infidels” today.

The book also documents a little known fact: that what we today call “the West” is really the westernmost remnant of what was a much more extensive civilizational block that Islam permanently severed. Over the centuries, nonstop jihad and terror saw three-fourths of the post-Roman Christian world become Islamic, leaving the remaining quarter—Europe proper—in a permanent state of embattlement.  It is, incidentally, for this reason that tiny Europe’s self-identity did not historically revolve around ethnicity or language—hence why such a small corner of the Eurasian landmass (Europe) still houses dozens of both, some widely divergent, while much larger landmasses are homogenous—but rather religion: it was the last and most redoubtable bastion of Christendom not to be conquered by Islam.

The book should further bring Westerners up to speed with Muslims, at least when it comes to the latter’s frequent (and to Western ears, cryptic) referencing of history.   For example, when Yasser Arafat made a peace treaty with Israel in 1994 that was criticized by fellow Arabs and Muslims as offering too many concessions, the Palestinian leader justified his actions by saying, “I see this agreement as being no more than the agreement signed between our Prophet Muhammad and the Quraysh in Mecca”—that is, a truce that Muhammad abolished on a pretext once he was in a position of power and able to go on the offensive.

Similarly, many of the otherwise bizarre and obscene things ISIS says to the West—“American blood is best, and we will taste it soon,” or “We love death as you love life,” or “We will conquer your Rome, break your crosses, and enslave your women”—are verbatim quotes spoken by the historic jihad’s greatest practitioners  Whereas many of the world’s Muslims make the connection and appreciate the deeper meaning behind the words and deeds of their politically active coreligionists, the West remains oblivious of the deliberate continuity.

In short, unlike most military histories—which no matter how fascinating are ultimately academic—Sword and Scimitar offers several contemporary lessons.  It further sets the much distorted historical record between the two civilizations straight and, in so doing, demonstrates once and for all that Muslim hostility for and terrorization of the West is not an aberration but a continuation of Islamic history.

FP: Tell us about your research method in writing this book and your extremely impressive utilization of primary sources.

Ibrahim: As mentioned, because I’ve been working on this book—even if sometimes only in my head—for about two decades, I managed to create a thoroughly comprehensive bibliography, as well as make copies of several older manuscripts during my years working at the African and Middle Eastern Division of the Library of Congress.  I also utilized sources in and translated from other languages—particularly Arabic, including by providing to my knowledge never before translated excerpts of the historic clash.

And yes, firmly believing that history’s Muslims and Christians had a much better idea of why they were fighting and dying, I certainly did focus on primary sources (probably well over half of the book’s one-thousand endnotes cite primary source quotes).  Their words—separated by centuries and continents—evince a remarkable continuity that is alone significant.

That said, and because the oft-made boast of relying “only on primary sources” is all too often an excuse for not grappling with all the existing literature—that is, for not doing one’s homework (primary sources, especially if limited to translations, are usually only an iota of what is available)—I tried to supplement and balance the narrative with the interpretations and observations of authoritative historians, that is, secondary sources.

FP: When will Sword and Scimitar formally be published and are there any other interesting tidbits you can tell us?

IbrahimAugust 28 is the book’s official release date [pre-order here from your preferred distributor].  Because it deals with topics that fascinated me decades before I began writing about contemporary Islam, I can honestly say that I “went all out” with this book: as mentioned, it contains over one-thousand endnotes from some 220 books and monographs; 37 relevant photos (from epic paintings to modern atrocities) and a comprehensive, general map, tracing the historic struggle between Islam and the West.

My publisher, Da Capo, is moreover not only a leader in military history, but a member of the Hachette Book Group—the third largest publisher in the world—thereby positioning the book to receive suitable coverage and dissemination.

It’s also an honor that America’s premiere military historian, Victor Davis Hanson, has provided the book with an excellent foreword; similarly, a number of historians and professors in fields germane to the book—published scholars on the crusades, the Reconquista, Medieval Islam and jihad—have endorsed it.

Ultimately it’s my hope that Sword and Scimitar ends up being what I spent years working on it to be—something of a magnum opus, one that, while vividly bringing the past to life, goes a long way to make sense of the present.

FP: Thanks so much for joining Frontpage Interview, Raymond. And congratulations on this new exciting and educational read.  We wish you all the best with it.

Ibrahim: Thank you, Jamie.

***

Here is an excerpt from the book:

Terror Averted in Rotterdam

A tip from Spanish authorities saves Dutch lives.

Front Page Magazine, by Matthew Vadum, Aug. 24, 2017:

Authorities in the Netherlands foiled an apparent Muslim terrorist plot to attack a concert venue in Rotterdam while an American rock band with an Islamic-sounding name was performing there.

Authorities shut down the scheduled performance by Los Angeles act Allah-Las at a 1,000-person capacity club called Maassilo. The band’s name has attracted some unwanted attention in the Muslim world. Band members say they selected the name Allah, Arabic for the Muslim deity, because they wanted something that sounded “holy.” Lead singer Miles Michaud said: “We get emails from Muslims, here in the U.S. and around the world, saying they’re offended, but that absolutely wasn’t our intention.”

After being tipped off by Spanish police, on Wednesday Rotterdam police and counter-terrorism personnel located a van near the Maassilo venue bearing Spanish license plates and that reportedly contained “gas bottles.” The driver, a Spaniard, was detained, after he was observed by police going to and from the concert site repeatedly.

About 120 gas canisters were found at the suspected lair of the terrorist cell that used a rented van to mow down pedestrians last week in Barcelona, Spain. The night before the August 17 vehicular attack, two members of the terrorist cell are thought to have inadvertently blown themselves up in Alcanar, Spain, possibly while preparing terror materiel. At least 15 people were killed and 130 injured in a series of attacks by the cell.

According to one British media outlet,

It has since been claimed that the 12-strong terror cell planned to rent three large lorry-type vehicles, pack them each full of butane gas and TATP plastic explosive, and drive them into busy hotspots in Barcelona city. One van was to be driven into the Sagrada Familia, another was to be detonated on Las Ramblas, and the third was going to be blown up in Barcelona’s port area.

Of course, the foreign-born Muslim mayor of Rotterdam urged people not to connect the dots.

Ahmed Aboutaleb told a presser that there was no proven connection between the Spanish tip and the van. “We should not draw conclusions too fast.”

The ring that the police set up around the (concert hall) led to the detention of a bus with gas bottles. It would be wrong at this moment to pile up these facts and conclude: thus there was a plan to attack with gas bottles, et cetera, because that was the picture last week in Barcelona. I would be careful with that. Whether the bus with gas bottles can be linked to the threat, that cannot now be established.

Not that the judgment or public pronouncements of Aboutaleb, a Muslim immigrant of Riffian Berber ancestry who was born in Morocco and is a Dutch-Moroccan dual citizen, can necessarily be trusted.

Aboutaleb’s lax approach to Muslim terrorism is hardly uncommon on his continent. National and sub-national governments in European countries generally range from being partly to wholly in denial about the Islamofascist threat as they bend over backwards to appease their enemies and not be smeared as Islamophobes.

Islamists themselves are increasingly targeting music venues.

Islamic State claimed responsibility for the bombing of the Ariana Grande concert in Manchester, England, on May 22 that claimed 22 innocent lives.

Four men shouting “Allahu akbar” burst into the Bataclan concert hall in Paris on Nov. 13, 2015, as part of a coordinated, simultaneous assault on various sites around the French capital. A total of 130 people were killed in Paris, including 89 at Bataclan, and more than 300 were injured around the city. The band performing at the Bataclan was the Palm Desert, California-based Eagles of Death Metal.

England has been a hotbed of Muslim terrorist activity, with at least three deadly, mass-casualty events so far this year.

Apart from the Manchester bombing, on March 22, a car was driven into pedestrians on Westminster Bridge, London. Five people lost their lives and almost 50 were injured. On June 3, men in a van drove into people on London Bridge, crashed, and then stabbed other people at Borough Market. The end result was 8 dead and 48 injured.

France has also been heavily targeted by Islamists this year.

On Feb. 3, there was a machete attack on a soldier at the Louvre in Paris. On March 18, a man was killed when he tried to seize a police officer’s gun at Paris Orly Airport. On April 20, police were fired on at the Champs-Élysées. Islamic State claimed responsibility. On June 6 a police officer was attacked with a hammer outside Notre-Dame Cathedral. On June 19 there was a car ramming attack on a police vehicle at the Champs-Élysées. The attacker claimed allegiance to Islamic State. On August 9, a car was driven into soldiers in Levallois-Perret, Hauts-de-Seine, injuring six.

Elsewhere in Europe so far this year, there was the April 7 truck attack in Stockholm, Sweden (5 dead, 14 injured) and the July 28 mass-stabbing at a supermarket in Hamburg, Germany (1 dead, 6 injured). On April 3 there was a suicide-bombing on public transit in St. Petersburg, Russia, with 15 victims killed and 87 injured. An al-Qaeda affiliate claimed responsibility but a security service blamed Islamic State.

And there is still a little over four months left in 2017.

Matthew Vadum, senior vice president at the investigative think tank Capital Research Center, is an award-winning investigative reporter and author of the book, “Subversion Inc.: How Obama’s ACORN Red Shirts Are Still Terrorizing and Ripping Off American Taxpayers.”

Top 10: Terrorist in Finland targeted women; Italian illegals protest free food

The Rebel, by Victor Lazlo Aug. 20, 2017:

1. Finnish police say jihadi “targeted women”

2. Russia knife attacker wounds seven in Surgut

The man, who apparently stabbed passers-by on the street at random, was shot dead by police.

The injured have been taken to hospital, where two are in a critical condition, the state-owned RIA Novosti news agency reports.

The Islamic State militant group (IS) said on its official news channel that it was behind the attack.

3. Interview with German man sentenced to six months in jail for posting historically accurate photo and article about Hitler’s Islamic allies on Facebook:

4. Illegals in Italy protest the free food and shelter, demand documents

5. Duo convicted of Holsworthy army base terror plot accused of radicalizing other prisoners

TWO jihadi prisoners convicted of plotting to launch a suicide attack on the Holsworthy army barracks have been accused of radicalising other inmates behind bars.

Nayef El Sayad and Saney Aweys, who are former associates of Brighton gunman Yacqub Khayre, are serving 18 years in jail for an evil plot to go on a shooting rampage at the army base in 2009.

A source has told the Sunday Herald Sun that El Sayad and Aweys are radicalising prisoners at the medium-security Karreenga prison in Lara.”

‘This has been done under the watch of prison staff,’ the source said. ‘These extremists have been organising prayer sessions and have built a huge following.

‘They also arrange meetings of Islamic prisoners for talk sessions and to change ideas of mind.’

El Sayad and Aweys, along with Wissam Mahmoud Fattal, were sentenced in December 2011 for their roles in the plot.

Justice Betty King, at the Victorian Supreme Court, said she had to take into account the fact that they had shown no sign of retreating from their extremist beliefs and remained a danger to the community.

6. Source: Early assessment finds TATP at Barcelona attackers’ bomb factory

According to an initial assessment, traces of the powerful explosive TATP were found at the ruins of the suspected bomb factory used by the Barcelona attack cell, a source briefed on the investigation told CNN.

The source stressed the assessment was preliminary.

TATP is made by adding an acid to a mixture of acetone and hydrogen peroxide solution and can easily result in accidental detonation if mistakes are made in preparation.

It is a high explosive that is much more powerful than that used in the April 2013 Boston bombings that killed three people and wounded more than 250 others.

TATP was used in the November 2015 Paris attacks, the March 2016 Brussels bombings, the May Manchester bombing and a failed bomb attempt by an Islamist extremist at the Gare Centrale in Brussels in June.

7. 100 gas tanks: Extremists in Spain planned massive attack

[…] Another police official did confirm that three vans tied to the investigation were rented with Abouyaaquoub’s credit card: The one used in the Las Ramblas carnage, another found in the northeastern town of Ripoll, where all the main attack suspects lived, and a third found in Vic, on the road between the two.

Police believe the cell members had planned to fill the vans with explosives and create a massive attack in the Catalan capital. Trapero confirmed that more than 100 tanks of butane gas were found at the Alcanar house that exploded, as well as ingredients of the explosive TATP, which was used by the Islamic State group in attacks in Paris and Brussels.

“Our thesis is that the group had planned one or more attacks with explosives in the city of Barcelona,” he said. That plot was foiled, however, when the house in Alcanar blew up Wednesday night.

8. The Islamic State’s Claim to Spain

The video also claims that it was a Christian conquest that ended Muslim rule, but in fact it was a Spanish reconquest that took back control of their own lands, people, culture, and religion, which was Catholic. Hence the proper historical name for that period, “La Reconquista.”

9. Refugee reality: Germany admits 75 per cent face long-term unemployment and life on benefits

Aydan Özoğuz, commissioner for immigration, refugees and integration, told the Financial Times that only a quarter to a third of the newcomers would enter the labour market over the next five years, and “for many others we will need up to 10”.

The Institute for Employment Research (IAB) found only 45 per cent of Syrian refugees in Germany have a school-leaving certificate and 23 per cent a college degree.

Statistics from the Federal Labour Agency show the employment rate among refugees stands at just 17 per cent.

It said 484,000 of the refugees are looking for work, up from 322,000 last July — an increase of 50 per cent.

Of those, 178,500 are officially unemployed, meaning they not only have no work but are not enrolled in any training programmes or language courses — up 27 per cent on last July.

The figures will be hard to swallow for Angela Merkel as she seeks a fourth term as chancellor in elections this September.

10. Finland: Five Muslim migrants arrested after fatal knife rampage

Translations from Finnish sources show that the attackers yelled, “Allah is the Greater.”

Five Moroccan citizens have been arrested in connection to the fatal stabbing rampage Friday in the Finnish city of Turku.

Two people were killed and another eight were injured in what police consider a terror attack. One suspect is still at large and an international arrest warrant has been issued.

Witnesses report that the attackers shouted “Allahu akbar” (God is great) during the rampage, according to Finnish broadcaster YLE.

“Due to information received during the night, the Turku stabbings are now being investigated as murders with terrorist intent,” Finland’s National Bureau of Investigation said in a statement, according to Reuters.

New Center Monograph Shows Continuity of Islamic Warfare

Center for Security Policy, July 13, 2017:

The Islamic State may be on its way to defeat, but the brutal savagery of Islamic warfare, which has been with us for nearly fourteen centuries, is not about to exit the world stage just yet. Because the commandment to global conquest by jihad is obligatory for all Muslims today just as for those of the 7th century—until the world ‘be all for Allah’ (Q 8:39)—Islamic warfare of both the violent and stealthy kind will never cease unless forcibly defeated. Until now, however, few had delved deeply into the merciless, systematic, and ongoing methods of classic Islamic warfare that date back to medieval times to understand the nature, the concepts, and the philosophy that combined with such deadly effectiveness to defeat brilliant civilization after brilliant civilization, from the Byzantines to the Hindus to the Persians.

We of Western Civilization (along with the Han Chinese) remain among the only peoples on earth ever targeted by Islam for conquest but not yet subjugated. If we are going to prolong that happy circumstance, we will need to examine the cultural, military, political, and religious currents within Islam that inspire its relentless drive for supremacy. Only by understanding what compels Islam to conquest and the means employed to achieve it will we have a chance to avoid the fate of myriad lost civilizations gone before us which were crushed under the onslaught of Islamic forces. Nor did the Amazigh, Byzantines, Copts, and so many others fall only to Muslim warriors on the field of battle: then as now, asymmetric means, deceit, and guile played their part. 21st century jihad in the Dar al-Harb—the non-Islamic West—is being fought as often as not with asymmetrical means: airliners brought down with explosives secreted in a laptop; the individual jihadi suicide bomber; the car, the gun, the knife.

[Modern Islamic Warfare is available for purchase in Kindle and paperback format at Amazon.com.]

To help us recall these lessons of the past and understand their relevance for societies fighting to remain free today, the Center for Security Policy is pleased to present the newest monograph in its “Terror Jihad Reader Series”: Modern Islamic Warfare, by Dr. Harold Rhode. This publication explains how the deep Islamic faith and implacable ruthlessness of this enemy shape his tactics and strategy on both the kinetic and civilizational jihad battlefields. Dr. Rhode, who earned a Ph.D. in Islamic History, specializing in the history of the Turks, Arabs, and Iranian peoples, also studied in universities in Iran, Egypt, and Israel. He speaks Arabic, Farsi, Hebrew, and Turkish, and served as an advisor in the U.S. Department of Defense for many years.

He brings to this new monograph a breadth and quality of scholarship that is increasingly rare these days.

Dr. Rhode joined Center President Frank Gaffney for a lively discussion on the eve of the book’s release:

Modern Islamic Warfare is available for purchase in Kindle and paperback format at Amazon.com. As with all of the Center’s other publications, this one can also be downloaded for free at www.SecureFreedom.org.

CLICK BELOW FOR A FREE PDF COPY OF THE MONOGRAPH:

Modern_Islamic_Warfare

Updated Ramadan Rage 2017 Final Death Count: 1,639 in About 30 Countries

REUTERS/Mohammad Shoib

Breitbart, by Edwin Mora, July 1, 2017:

The final fatality tally for jihadi attacks during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan increased to 1,639, primarily fueled by victims who succumbed to their injuries, reveals an updated Breitbart News count of terror incidents during the period.

With a total of 3,343 casualties, including 1,704 injuries, Ramadan 2017 is one of the bloodiest holy months in recent history. The number of deaths this year marked a nearly four-fold increase from the estimated 421 people killed by Islamic extremists last year.

There were nearly 160 terror incidents in about 30 predominantly Muslim countries this year, including one jihadi attack in the United States.

Soon after the holiest month for Muslims ended last Saturday, Breitbart News reported that jihadist organizations had killed 1,627 people during Ramadan.

However, after taking into account people who succumbed to their injuries throughout the month and government entities changing the casualty count after Breitbart News initially documented the attacks, this news outlet has determined the final updated tally to be 3,343 casualties (1,639 killed, 1,704 injured).

The Afghan government updating the casualty tally for the May 31 terror attack that killed at least 150 people and injured more than 300 others had the most significant impact on changing the final count.

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani changed the number of people wounded from at least 460to more than 300, driving the total number of deaths up and injuries down. The May 31 incident, allegedly carried out by the Taliban and al-Qaeda-linked Haqqani Network, is the deadliest attack of Ramadan 2017.

The Pentagon has deemed the Haqqani Network to pose the “greatest threat” to the United States military and its allies in Afghanistan. U.S. officials have accused jihadi sanctuaryPakistan of sheltering the group.

Breitbart News’ primarily gleaned its count from the Religion of Peace website in coordination with news reports.

After analyzing every documented Ramadan terror incident, Breitbart News removed two events mentioned by Religion on Peace — May 31 assault in Sinjar and June 6 attack in Mosul, Iraq — because there were no credible news reports to back them.

Moreover, two attacks that occurred on the last day of Ramadan were added to the tally after Breitbart News published the article noting that Islamic terrorists had killed 1,627 people.

Breitbart News’ count excludes casualties directly linked to battles between U.S.-led coalition and Iranian- and Russian-backed troops loyal to dictator Bashar al-Assad.

Furthermore, it only includes some of the attacks in Iraq and Syria that involved the death of civilians, mainly women, and children, at the hands of jihadi groups.

News outlets and government officials may update some death tallies from individual attacks that occurred over the last few days of Ramadan as some of the injured victims succumb to their injuries after Breitbart News publishes this report.

The final Ramadan death toll could be higher. Most “Ramadan Rage 2017” victims are Muslims. As in previous years, the fatalities have included women, children, and members of the Christian minority.

In addition to Muslims, there are members of a wide variety of ethnic and religious groups among the victims: Westerners of all ethnicities, Christians, Asians, Sunnis, Shiites, and Arabs, among others.

The West, particularly London, has not been immune to the Ramadan carnage this year.

Most Muslims follow the Ramadan tradition of abstaining from eating, drinking, smoking, having sex, and other physical needs each day, starting from before the break of dawn until sunset.

However, Islamic extremists perceive Ramadan as a time when martyrdom and jihad are doubly rewarded in paradise, prompting a spike in the terrorist attacks during the period every year.

All the terrorist attacks during Ramadan 2017, as documented by Breitbart News, include:

May 27 — Uruzgan, Afghanistan — Suspected Taliban terrorists ambush checkpoint in the Charchino district, killing 11.
May 27 — Badghis, Afghanistan — Taliban kills 14, including eight civilians, injures 17 in Qadis district.
May 27 — Khost, Afghanistan — Taliban suicide bomber targets National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF), killing 18, wounding six others, including children.
May 27 — Punjab, Pakistan — “Honor Killing” — Brother hacks his 18-year-old sister to death in the Khanewal district for denying to abide by pre-arrange marriage.
May 27 — Marawi, Philippines — Jihadists kill 19 including women and a child for “having betrayed their faith.”
May 28 — Bay, Somalia — Al-Shabaab jihadists bury man to his neck, stone to death for adultery in Ramo Adey village.
May 28 — Mosul, Iraq — ISIS sets hospital ablaze and kills a dozen people inside, including young people.
May 28 —Salahuddin, Iraq — ISIS rocket attack kills child and her parents in Shirqat district.
May 28 — Borno, Nigeria — Boko Haram kills at least seven villagers before returning the the next village two days later to kill 14 more.
May 28 — Paktika, Afghanistan — Suspected Taliban kill Shakhil Abad district governor and his son inside their home.
May 28 — Diyala, Iraq — Suicide bomber kills three, injures up to 16 others outside court in city of Baqubah.
May 28 — Borno, Nigeria — Boko Haram beheads five people in Nguro village.
May 29 — Ghat, Libya — Suspected Islamic terrorists kill one, injure four.
May 29 — Salahuddin, Iraq — Islamic shrapnel dismembers a child, injures seven in Shirqat district.
May 29 — Baghdad, Iraq — ISIS launches suicide attack against families breaking their Ramadan fast at ice cream parlor, killing at least 17, wounding 32.
May 29 — Baghdad, Iraq — Sunni ISIS attack targeting Shiites kills 14 killed, 37 injured. ISIS attacked Shiites.
May 30 — Peshawar, Pakistan — Suspected Islamists gun down four peace committee members in Mattani village.
May 30 — Peshawar, Pakistan — Suspected jihadist shoots senior member of Hezb-i-Islami terrorist group while he was leaving a mosque.
May 30 — Mosul, Iraq — ISIS shoots 60 civilians in the head, including women, elderly, buries them in mass grave in al-Shifa district.
May 30 — Deir Ezzor, Syria — ISIS mortar kills 14, wounds over 40, including woman and children, in government controlled  al-Joura district.
May 30 — Kirkuk, Iraq — ISIS kills two Iraqi guards, wounds one other at the Bai Hassan oil field.
May 30 — Baghdad, Iraq — Suspected ISIS jihadists kill seven, injure 19 in a blast.
May 30 — Diyala, Iraq — A bomb explosion at mosque kills seven, wounds six in the cit of Baqubah.
May 30 — Anbar, Iraq — Suspected ISIS suicide bomber kills 15, injures 23 in the town of Hit.
May 31 — Borno, Nigeria —Boko Haram kills 14 after killing seven in a nearby village two days earlier.
May 31 — Garissa, Kenya — Suspected al-Qaeda affiliate al-Shabaab burns down school, kills one teacher, wounds three police officers in Fafi village.
May 31 — Mosul, Iraq — Suicide bombers kill seven members of the same family in Mashahda region.
May 31 — Mangai, Kenya — Al-Shabaab suspected on planting IED that killed eight, including seven police officers.
May 31 — Kabul, Afghanistan — Suspected Haqqani Network, linked to Taliban and al-Qaeda, kills at least 150, wounds more than 300, including 11 Americans .
June 01 — Abala, Niger — Suspected jihadists kill six guards.
June 01 — Al-Jaws Yemen — Islamic terrorists kill 10, wound 15 in al-Hazm.
June 01 — Nangarhar, Afghanistan — Suicide bomber kills one, wounds another near airport in Jalalabad.
June 01 — Nangarhar Afghanistan — Suicide bomber kills one, wounds five, including a security guard near the airbase in Behsud district.
June 01 — Oldenburg, Germany — Muslim kills one for smoking during Ramadan and refusing to fast.
June 01 — Mosul, Iraq — ISIS kills seven, wounds 23 in the Zanjili district for trying to flee caliphate.
June 02 — Kolofota, Cameroon — Islamist use two girls as suicide bombers: 11 killed, including two children, and 30 wounded.
June 02 — Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia — Jihadist beheads one man.
June 03 — Marawi, Philippines — Islamic sniper kills elderly woman.
June 03 — Baghdad, Iraq — Four suicide members kill one, injure three in al-Halabsah district.
June 03 —London, England — ISIS-linked jihadists plow into pedestrians, then stab people, killing seven, injuring 48.
June 03 — Mosul, Iraq — ISIS kills 50 in  Zanjili district for trying to flee caliphate.
June 03 — Kashmir, India — Hizb-ul-Mujahideen kill two security troops, injure four.
June 03 — Sindh, Pakistan — “Honor Killing:” Man kills sister-in-law and lover for alleged adultery in Nawabshah.
June 03 — Kabul, Afghanistan — Jihadi suicide bomber kills 20, injures 87.
June 03 — Ferkane, Algeria — Muslim extremists kill two local soldiers, injure four.
June 03 — Burkina Faso, Soum — Suspected jihadists kill five.
June 03 — Mosul, Iraq — United Nations reports ISIS killed 231 civilians between May 26 and June 3 in al-Shifa district alone, as they tried to escape the city.
June 04 — Bijapur, India — “Honor Killing” — pregnant Muslim woman burnt alive by her family for marrying Hindu man.
June 04 — Kandahar, Afghanistan — Afghan police insider attack leaves six dead, one injured.
June 04 — Balochistan, Pakistan — Two Shiites from Hazara minority group killed in Quetta.
June 04 — Singh, Pakistan — “Honor Killing” — Father kills 18-year-old daughter for allegedly “having an affair” in Tando Allahyar district.
June 04 — Mosul, Iraq — Suicide bombers kill 32, injure four in Zanjili district and  al-Shifa district.
June 04 — Punjab, Pakistan — Suspected Sunni terrorist kills one Shiite Hazara barber in Quaidabad.
June 05 — Melbourne, Australia — ISIS-linked migrant from Somalia kills man, takes woman hostage, an injures three.
June 05 — Baghdad, Iraq — Suspected ISIS terrorists fire mortar into family home, killing 10-year-old boy, injuring four of the same family.
June 05 — Kismayo, Somalia — al-Qaeda affiliate al-Shabaab detonates bomb, killingthree, injuring 20.
June 06 — Sinai, Egypt — Suspected Islamic extremists kill two police officers.
June 06 — Paris, France — Jihadist wounds one cop with a hammer outside Notre Dame cathedral.
June 06 — Herat, Afghanistan — Terrorist kill seven, injure another 16 near the northern gate of the Great Mosque of Herat.
June 06 — Garissa, Kenya — Suspected al-Qaeda affiliate al-Shabaab jihadists kill four aid workers with land mine.
June 06 — Mandera, Kenya — Unknown jihadist kill one woman, injure one.
June 06 — Kandahar, Afghanistan — Terrorists attacked refugee camp in Kandahar province, killing three, including two children and wounding eight, including women.
June 07 — Tehran, Iran — ISIS claims responsibility for attacking parliament, shrine of revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini , killing  12, injuring  up to 46, marking first time the Sunni extremist group carries out attack in Islamic Republic.
June 07 —Borno, Nigeria — Boko Haram kills 14, wounds 24 in Maiduguri.
June 08 — Puntland, Somalia — al-Qaeda-linked al-Shabaab kills 70, including some women who were decapitated, and wounds up to 20.
June 08 — Diyala, Iraq — ISIS, kills 13 civilians, wounds 4, including two Iraqi soldiers.
June 08 — Mosul, Iraq — ISIS fires chlorine-filled bombs at civilians, killing 13, mostly women and children.
June 08 — Baluchistan, Pakistan — ISIS claims to have killed two Chinese nationals kidnapped on May 24.
June 09 — Kerbala, Iraq — ISIS kills at least 30, wounds 35 in Shiite holy city.
June 09 — Kerbala, Iraq — ISIS attacks main bus station in Shiite city, killing three, wounding 15.
June 09 — Adamawa, Nigeria — Suspected Boko Haram jihadists kill two children, wound three others.
June 09 — Hambagda, Cameroon — Boko Haram slits throat of four villagers, kidnaps six.
June 09 — Paktia, Afghanistan — Suspected Taliban/Haqqani Network jihadists killthree civilians, wound nine others while praying in mosque.
June 10 — Salahuddin, Iraq — ISIS kills 38 civilians, Iraqi troops, wounds 40 others in Shirqat district.
June 10 — Mosul, Iraq — ISIS kills eight civilians, wounds five others.
June 10 — Kobane, Syria — ISIS landmine kills two children, wounds three other civilians.
June 10 — Far North Region, Cameroon — Three Boko Haram-recruited girls, between ages 11 and 15, killed as suicide bombers in Mayo-Sava border region.
June 10 — Nangarhar, Afghanistan — Taliban claims insider attack against U.S. troops, killing three, wounding one other.
June 11 — Baluchistan, Pakistan — Lashker-e-Jhangv jihadists kill three police officers, wound one civilian in “hit-and-run attack.”
June 11 — Borno, Nigeria — Boko Haram kills eight members of civilian militia in the Kayamla village.
June 11 —  Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan — Suspected jihadists kill one journalist in Haripur district.
June 11 — Diyala, Iraq — Suspected ISIS suicide attacker kills two, wounds five others.
June 12 — Baddah, Yemen — Al-Qaeda kills two local soldiers.
June 14 — Far North Region, Cameroon — Suspected Boko Haram suicide attack killsone, injures nine in locality of Sandawadjiri.
June 14 — Far North Region, Cameroon — Suspected Boko Haram suicide bomber kills himself, but no one else in locality of Amchide.
June 14 — Mogadishu, Somalia — Al-Shabaab kills at least 31 people, including women, at the Posh Hotel and wounds 40 others.
June 14 — Borno State, Nigeria — Boko Haram kills five civilians, six others missing.
June 14 — Helmand, Afghanistan — Suspected Taliban kills five, wounds four from breakaway faction.
June 14 — Ghazni, Afghanistan — Taliban kills one civilian, wounds three others, including police officer.
June 14 — Paktika, Afghanistan — Jihadists kill five civilians, including women and children, wound seven others.
June 14 — Mosul, Iraq — ISIS launches wave of suicide attacks in Mosul, killing  at least 15, including 11 police officers and four civilians.
June 15 — Kabul, Afghanistan — Suspected jihadists kill four, wound eight in mosque suicide attack.
June 15 — Wardak, Afghanistan — Clash between Taliban and security forces leaves three children dead, one woman wounded.
June 15 — Kashmir, India — Jihadists kill Indian police officer.
June 15 — Kashmir, India — Islamic militants kill one police officer, wound another in Srinagar.
June 15 — Limani, Cameroon — Boko Haram female suicide bomber kills three, including three-year-old child wounds at least seven others.
June 15 — Yarang, Thailand — Suspected Islamic insurgents shoot 52-year-old Buddhist in the head.
June 15 — Balcad, Somalia — Al-Shabaab kills three soldiers, wounds seven others.
June 16 — Marawi, Philippines — Clashes between ISIS-linked Abu Sayyaf jihadists leaves an estimated 100 people dead.
June 16 — Kirkuk, Iraq — ISIS-linked female jihadi and her two sons, ages six and nine, found dead.
June 16 — Baghdad, Iraq — Jihadi detonated explosive device wounds  four people.
June 16 — Kurdistan, Iraq — Suspected ISIS jihadists wound five civilians at a mosque.
June 16 — Diyala, Iraq — Suspected jihadist shoots civilian in the head in Baquba.
June 16 — Baghdad, Iraq — Suspected terrorists kill one civilian, wound three others.
June 16 — Diyala, Iraq — Jihadi killed when bomb he was trying to plant exploded.
June 16 — Mandera, Kenya — Al-Shabaab kills four civilians, injures 11 others.
June 16 — Kashmir, India — Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) kills, mutilate faces of six Indian police officers with bullets. Two civilians caught in crossfire.
June 16 — Jerusalem, Israel — Palestinian jihadists, linked to ISIS, kill one policewoman, injure four others before security forces took them down.
June 16 — Laghman, Afghanistan — Suspected Taliban terrorists kill four civilian workers in explosion.
June 17 — Bakol, Somalia — Clashes between al-Shabaab and Somali army leaves at least five dead, 12 others injured.
June 17 — Kashmir, India — Jihadists kill civilian in Pulwama.
June 17 — Kashmir, India — Clashes between Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Indian security forces leave two civilians and three jihadists dead.
June 17 — Mosul, Iraq — Suspected ISIS suicide bomber kills seven local police officers.
June 17 — Bintagoungou, Mali — Jihadists kill five, injure eight others.
June 17 — Mosul, Iraq — Iran-backed Shiite militias kill family of five.
June 17 — Mudug, Somalia — Al-Shabaab kills cleric inside mosque in  Towfiq village.
June 17 — Cairo, Egypt — Suspected ISIS jihadists kill one, wound four in roadside bomb attack.
June 17 — Borno, Nigeria — Boko Haram kill five civilians in Gumsuri village.
June 18 — Paktia, Afghanistan — Taliban attacks police headquarters, killing six police officers, wounding 30 others, including 21 civilians.
June 18 — Bamako, Mali — Jihadists kill two, wound 14 at resort.
June 18 — Mosul, Iraq — Two ISIS suicide bombers killed.
June 18 — Mosul, Iraq — Five ISIS-linked suicide bombers, including killed in al-Farouk area.
June 18 — Diyala, Iraq — Police kill suspected ISIS suicide bomber in  Baqubah.
June 18 — Salahuddin, Iraq — Suspected ISIS jihadists fire rocket, killing one civilian, injuring another.
June 18 — Daraa, Syria — ISIS-linked militia kills five of its own fighters on charges of apostasy.
June 18 — Borno, Nigeria — Female suicide bombers, likely linked to Boko Haram, kill12 people, injure 11 others in the terrorist group’s birthplace.
June 18 — Kirkuk, Iraq — ISIS kills 34 civilians.
June 19 — Mosul, Iraq — ISIS IED kills three journalists, wounds one other.
June 19 — Baghdad, Iraq — Suspected ISIS terrorists kills one Sunni tribal fighter, wounds two others.
June 19 — Pattani, Thailand — Jihadists kill six soldiers, wound four others.
June 19 — Paris, France — Authorities take down “known extremist” who attempted to carry out terrorist attack at the Champs-Élysées.
June 19 — Parwan, Afghanistan — Taliban kills eight border guards near largest U.S. military base in Bagram, wounds two others.
June 19 — Adamawa State, Nigeria — Two female suicide bombers, likely linked to Boko Haram, blow themselves up, resulting in their death. No other casualties.
June 20 — Mogadishu, Somalia — Al-Shabaab kills at least 15 civilians, injures 18 others in suicide car bomb.
June 20 — Brussels, Belgium — Authorities kill ISIS-linked suicide bomber at train station.
June 20 — Nangarhar, Afghanistan — Terrorists kill judge, wound three other civilians.
June 21 — Michigan, United States — Canadian terrorist Amor Ftouhi, 49, stabs and wounds police officer in the neck while yelling praises to Allah.
June 21 — Deir Ezzor, Syria — ISIS kills two civilians, wounds eight others.
June 21 — Borno State, Nigeria — Suspected Boko Haram jihadists kill two civilians, wounds six others.
June 21 — Far North Region, Cameroon — Two suspected Boko Haram suicide bombers kill six civilians in Kolofata.
June 22 — Helmand, Afghanistan — Taliban kills an estimated 30, including soldiers and civilians, and wounds at least 60 others.
June 22 — Kashmir, India — Pakistani terrorists kill two Indian soldiers.
June 22 — Baghdad, Iraq — Suspected ISIS jihadists kill two, wound four others in car bomb attack.
June 23 — Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Pakistan — Lashkar-e-Jhangvi jihadists kill up to 67 and wound more than 261 in double bombing in the jihadi stronghold along the Afghanistan border.
June 23 — Mosul, Iraq — Suspected ISIS suicide bomber kills at least a dozen civilians, including women and children, and wounds 20 other civilians trying to flee the city.
June 23 — Baluchistan, Pakistan — ISIS and Pakistani Taliban linked jihadists from Jamaat ur Ahrar kill 13 people, including seven police officers, wound 19 others, including nine security guards, in car bomb attack.
June 23 — Mosul, Iraq — Suspected ISIS suicide bombers kill three people, including a police officer, and wound at least nine others.
June 23 — Anbar, Iraq — Suspected ISIS suicide bombers kill eight civilians, one soldier, wound 11 others.
June 23 — Mandera, Kenya — Suspected al-Shabaab jihadists kill five people, including two police others, wound an unknown number of others.
June 23 — Karachi, Pakistan — Jihadists kill four off-duty police officers, wound two others in drive by shooting.
June 23 — Mosul, Iraq — Suspected ISIS jihadists fire rocket into marketplace, killing10, wounding 40.
June 23 — Mosul, Iraq — Suspected ISIS suicide bombers blew themselves up inside mosque, killing four, injuring others.
June 24 — Aleppo, Syria — Suspected Sunni militants kill 12, including three children and four women, and wound dozens.
June 24 — Mecca, Saudi Arabia — Suicide bomber planning to attack Grand Mosque blows himself up, injuring six foreigners and five security force members.
June 24 — Kashmir, India —Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) jihadists kill one security officer, wounds another one and a civilian.
June 24 — Kirkuk, Iraq — Suspected ISIS jihadists kill ten civilians trying to flee homes, wound six others, including women and children.
June 24 — Herat, Afghanistan — Taliban jihadists kill 10 Afghan soldiers, wound four at Salma Dam ahead of Afghan president’s address holiday marking end of Ramadan.

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